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The History of French Wine

During the Roman Empire, the wine cultivation extended to such a degree that there was a surplus. Due to this, in AD 92, an emperor passed a decree stating that all vineyards outside of Italy be uprooted. This led to quite a bit of loss and later, when replanting was allowed, vineyards came up in many European countries including France, Germany and England. The Middle Ages but, saw small progress in the field of wine cultivation.

It was only after 1200 AD that many of the French monasteries managed the wine cultivation. The French nobility also owned and cultivated many vineyards. Later, as a result of the French revolution, the Church was not given any power in cultivating and maintaining the vineyards. In the 1800′s, the French wine industry suffered yet again as the French vineyards were attacked by many diseases, but was mainly infested by phylloxera, which is a small insect that destroys the roots of the vines. This was a major setback to the wine production of France and continued to be so until about 1880, when replanting vines along with the grafting of European vines into American rootstock proved to be a excellent solution to the problem.

French Wine also suffered economically due to the two World Wars which led to a drastic reduction in the quality of French wine. As a result of this, the Appellation d’Origine Controlee (meaning “regulated origin name”) or the A.O.C was devised. The A.O.C outlined the standards and laws regarding modern wine production and aided in defining the grape growing regions as well as protected the quality of wine production. The A.O.C was instrumental in redeeming France’s reputation for wine production and also in determining the standards for quality and consistency within the wine market in France.

e-FrenchWine.com French Wine provides detailed information on French Wine, French Wine Gifts, French White Wines, French Red Wines and more. French Wine is affiliated with e-ItalianWine.com Italian Red Wines.

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